Jazz speaks for life. This is triumphant music.
— Martin L. King, Jr.
Swing music is a style of jazz that was dominant in the 1930s, and performed by jazz big bands primarily for dancing audiences. It reached broad audiences over the radio, on records, and in dance halls around the nation.
Swing music is characterized by a syncopated rhythm where all the beats are not evenly spaced in time. Some beats will fall slightly before, or slightly after the expected time of when a straight beat would have landed. Familiar songs with this swing rhythm are Benny Goodman’s “Sing Sing Sing” and Duke Ellington’s “It Don’t Mean A Thing If It Ain’t Got That Swing”.
The syncopated swing rhythm made the music sound more lively, and also had the psychological effect of causing listeners to want to move with the music. The Charleston was a dance that was quite popular during the 1920s, and as jazz music took on stronger syncopations, the music began influencing how the dancers danced their dance. This caused a feedback with the live bands who would begin playing their music influenced by how the dancers in front of them were dancing. By the end of the '20s, this feedback between live bands and dancers evolved both the music and the dance into new forms: swing jazz (also called "swing music" or "big band jazz"), Lindy Hop (also called "swing dancing" or "the Jitterbug").
Some Popular Swing Musicians to know are: Fletcher Henderson, Louis Armstrong, Coleman Hawkins, Count Basie, Johnny Hodges, Art Tatum, Ben Webster, Lester Young, and Roy Eldridge. And don’t forget the ladies: Ivy Benson, Blanche Calloway (Cab Calloway’s sister) and Ella Fitzgerald who led the Chick Webb Orchestra at the Savoy Ballroom.
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